Celebrities
Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei

born July 15, 1939 inMashhad, Iran. He completed his primary education there and started high school level with seminary training simultaneously. In 1958 AyatollahKhamenei began his advanced religious studies at Qom under the most prominent Shīite scholars of the day, including Grand Ayatollah Burujerdi, Imam Khomeini, sheikh Morteza Haeri Yazdi and Allameh Tabatabai. In 1964 due to his father’s ill health and need for more care he had to leave Qom and return to Mashhad where he continued his advanced religious studies there.
On June 12th, 1963AyatollahKhamenei was arrested and put in jail for his key role in disclosing corrupt practices of the Pahlavi’s cruel regimeAfter his release, he continued his political and religious activities following a hard-hitting expose against the sham referendum conducted by Shah and the American policy of the Pahlavi’s regime. He was arrested again in Kerman in February 1964 and after relocation to Tehran, they put AyatollahKhamenei in Ghezel Ghaleh prison in solitary confinement under utmost tortures. Following his release for the second time, he offered some courses and held some classes including, exegesis of the holy Koran, Hadith , Islamic thoughts, etc in the cities of Tehran and Mashhad. The sprightly and revolutionary young people welcomed such classes with open arms. For this reason, SAVAK started to keep an eye on him, therefore AyatollahKhamenei decided to live a secret life, so in 1964he was arrested and thrown into prison.
He was determined that these tortures could not break him, so he carried on struggle against the Shah’s regime until 1970when he was seized by SAVAK operatives for the fourth time. Fighting against injustice and tyranny until the annihilation of Pahlavi’s regime was the ultimate goal of AyatollahKhamenei, so he continued to fight against the regime with strong determination, therefore in 1971 SAVAK was taken him into custody for the fifth time.
Between the years 1971 – 1974after he got out of the ward of SAVAK’s prison, AyatollahKhamenei started to teach exegesis of the Holy Koran accompanied with Islamic Ideology training in three different mosques in Mashhad city. The training attracted thousands of young and enthusiastic people to learn about true Islamic thoughts. His lessons on Nahj al-Balaghah (the peak of Eloquence) appeared so extraordinarily interesting and the booklets under the title of “The Light of Nahj al-Balaghah”published and distributed among the people. The continuous and ceaseless activities end up the local SAVAK operatives in Mashhad city who launched a raid on his house in January 1974 and arrested him for the sixth timeagain. This time the local SAVAK operatives relocated AyatollahKhamenei to SAVAK and Police’s Anti-Sabotage Joint Committee in Tehran and he was kept in solitary confinement. In autumn 1974he endured the most brutal and savage torture for eight months in there. About the difficulties and hardships during these eight monthsAyatollahKhamenei stated: “Unless you are faced with such brutal and vicious circumstances, you will not have any true and deep understanding of those hardships and difficulties.
Subsequent to his release, he returned to Mashhad again and pursued his revolutionary and intellectual course of action. At the end of the year 1977he was arrested by SAVAK operatives for the seventh time and he was exiled to Iranshahr city. He then went back to Mashhad in the wake of the growing tide of revolution among the individuals of the Muslim Iranian people in the middle of 1978.
AyatollahKhamenei elected a member of the Council of Revolution by order of Imam Khomeini shortly before the victory of Islamic Revolution.
Following the success of the Islamic Revolution in Iran he undertook great and challenging tasks such as, the establishment of Islamic republic party with the help of his close friendsnamely Ayatollah Martyr Bihishti, Martyr Bahunar, Ayatollah Hashimi Rafsanjani, etc. Close supervision of the Islamic Revolutionary guard Corpsin 1979,Friday prayer in Tehran, representation from Imam Khomeini in the Supreme defense Council in 1980, membership of Islamic Consultative Assembly in 1979, elected for two times as a presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Immediately after the departure of Imam Khomeini,AyatollahKhamenei elected as supreme, spiritual leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran thus demonstrating a high level of competence for the administration of Islamic ruling system.

Biography of Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti

Shahid (the martyr) Sayyid Muhammad Husaini Beheshti was born in Aban 2nd, 1307 (October 24th, 1928) in a district called Lomban in Isfahan ( Chaharsouq district).

 He was born in a family whose members were familiar with Islamic values. His father was one of Isfahan's clergies and prayer-leader of Lomban mosque who went to the village once a week in order to preach and solve the problems of people and establish the community prayers.

 He passed away in 1341 (1962). His maternal grand father the late Haj Mir Mohammad Sadiq Modarres Khatunabadi, was one of the leading authorities on divine law.

 When Shahid (Martyr) Beheshti was just one year old, he passed away and Shahid Beheshti was deprived of his meeting, however; knowing about his grandfather's manner later on affected Shahid Beheshti's personality.

 

With four years of age he entered traditional elementary school. He was so genius that he learned how to recite Quran and how to read and write in a very short time.

 After a while, having passed the entrance exam, he entered the primary school at the sixth grade but since he was not old enough to take part in that grade he was registered in fourth grade. Nevertheless he took part in the final exams and was granted the second best student title. Wishing to complete his studied, he entered the high school.

 In 1321 (1942) he gave it up, since he was interested in the theological matters he entered the theological center. Although his home was in Isfahan for saving time, being independent while thinking and studying, since 1324(1945) he rented a room at Sadr school of Isfahan and he lived there.

 During 1321 to 1325(1942- 1946) he could study the Arabic literature, logic, Fiqh (Jurisprudence), divine law & fundamentals and stole the attention of his professors to the extent that when they met him as if he reminded his maternal grand father to the m.

 In 1325 (1946) when he was 18 years old, he left for Qom to continue his studies and in 6month-time he studied the rest of subjects namely : Sath , Kefayeh and Makasib. In the same year, Allameh Tabatabee came to Qom and his classes and sessions attracted the active students like Shahid Beheshti who later on took part in his classes.

 In 1326 (1947) Dr. Beheshti with Shahid Motahari, and some of his friends prepared a schedule according to which they had to go to the most remote villages to preach Islamic values, by means of a little amount of expense which Ayatollah Boroujerdi gave t o them to guide the villagers and inform each other about their ideas concerning planning for future activities.

 In 1327 (1948) he continued the normal high school education and he could get his literal diploma in final exams of late comers. Then he entered the college of Theology (at that time rational sciences)and in 1330(1951) he received his BA. During (1329-13 30)(1950-1951) he was in Tehran and at the end of mentioned year he returned to Qom again and this time he officially started his teaching at Hakim Nezami high school as an English teacher. During (1329-1330)(1951-1956) he spent his life carrying out researches and philosophical matters .

 In Ordibehesht 1331 (May 1952) he married one of his relatives whose result was 4 children (2 sons and 2 daughters).

 In 1333 (1956-1959) he was a student of Ph.D. of theological philosophy (and of course in 1353(1947) he defended his thesis called _the problems of Mabad ul Tabi_e in Quran_, under guidance of the Shahid Professor Mortza Motahari. During this time he was coming and going to Tehran and Qom.

 In 1338 (1959) he founded an English class at _Din and Danesh School_ for theological students and in the same year along with the thought of the leading figures like Motahari, Taleqani_etc, he held the monthly speech sessions in Tehran on which the programmed lectures were held with the large number of the students and intellectuals as an audience.

 From 1339 (1960) the idea of organizing the theological center and arranging the syllabus of it for 17 years was in his mind whose result was foundation of _Haqqani_ and_ Montazeriyeh_ schools. In 1341 (1962) he decided to establish the Islamic center of students and educators which was a measure for linking between the educated people in the past and present methods.

 He was actively taking part in (1341-1342)(1962-1963) campaigns. And in collecting and composing the _statements _he was a great help. From 1342 he formed a searching group for surveying about the Islamic government and in the same year Savak (the controlling system for security at that time )made him leave Qom.

 He came to Tehran and in programming on preparing the textbooks was closely cooperating with Shahid (martyr) Bahonar, in the same year he was also cooperating with campaigning groups and coalition bodies. Besides, he was participating in a 4-member council in the name of _divine law-political council_ with help of Shaid (martyr) Motahari, Mr. Anvari and Mr. Molaee.

 In 1343 (1963) with the proposal of Ayatollah Haeri and Ayatollah Milani he left for Hamburg and he began to manage and direct the mosque and formation of religious groups of the young and revealing Shah's (the last king ) crimes.

 At this time he traveled to Saudi Arabia ( in Haj. time ) Syria, Lebanon , Turkey to visit Imam Mousa Sadr and in 1348 he traveled to Iraq to visit Imam Khomeini.

 In 1349 (1970) he returned to Iran and it was impossible for him to return to Germany. He started to teach in session for interpreting Quran and examined the textbooks and this process continued till 1355(1976).

 In 1359 (1971) he formed 50 sessions of interpreting of Quran on Saturdays which was called _the School of Quran_ where was a place for gathering the active young people . In 1354 (1975) due to the mentioned sessions and the relationships with the campaigning organizations inside and out side of Iran he was arrested by Savak and after a time he was released.

 From 1355 (1976) and later he began to deal with formational tasks and in (1356)(1977) he was determined to form the broad formations being active in secret activities and also overtones for forming a party .In the same year due to the disagreements among the Islamic active groups in abroad (which there have been some conflicts) he traveled there and even to the United States and he paved the ground for establishing new relationships among the Islamic groups.

 In 1357 (1978) he was arrested for a couple of days and he was freed. After which he went to Imam Khomeini in Paris. After his return he played an effective role regarding determining the policy of the Islamic revolution.

 From Azar 1357 (December 1978) according to Imam's command he formed the revolution's council and he was dealing with that till the victory of the revolution.

 After the revolution as an intellectual person in the revolution's council he wanted to organize and arrange the affairs. Regarding this mentioned fact he founded the Islamic Republic Party. He took part in the election of Experts Assembly, and as a vice president of Majlis he dealt with managing the affairs, preparing and forming the Constitution. After resigning of the interim government in 1358 (1979) he was doing his duty as a minister of justice.

 Then through the command of Imam he was chosen and appointed as the chairman of Supreme Court. He was busy with his duties till the evening of Tir, 7, 1360 (June 28,1981) after Namaz Maqrib (evening prayer) and Esha (night prayer) while giving lecture, he was martyred due to the explosion of a bomb planted by the members of MKO terrorist group, known as Monafeqin with 72 people from his colleagues and through the tears and sighs and sorrows of millions of Iranian people he was buried in Behesht-e Zahra Tomb.

Imam Khoemini has said  for Shaheed Beheshti:

"YOU ARE A NATION(Ummah) FOR OUR NATION"....

 

 

May his soul rest in peace.

Biography of Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Talqani

A clergy, political activist and an interpreter of Koran, and son of Ayatollah Seyyed AboulHassan Talqani, Seyyed Mahmud was born in Gelird village of Talqan, 1911. He received his early education in there, and simultaneous with Reza Khan's autocracy, he moved to Tehran with his family. He entered Qom religious school and attended the classes of great masters such as Ayattollah Hojjat and Ayattollah Khansari.

 

After long studies in Qom, he left for Tehran with Ayatollah Haeri's permission and was engaged in the teaching of Islamic disciplines and interpretation of Koran in Sepahsalar School. He was arrested and condemned to six months confinement for defending a veiled woman in her clash with Reza Shah's forces.

 

He founded the Islamic center of Tehran and published Danesh Amuz journal as its publication. He participated actively in the Islamic association of the University of Tehran and Islamic Association of Engineers. He was active in the current of nationalization of oil industry and had close relationship with Ayatollah Kashani. He was elected in the seventeen elections from Mazandaran, but for the annulment of elections in some constituencies, he didn't enter the Majlis.

 

Subsequent to the 1953 coup, some nationalist and religious activists formed the national resistance movement secretly of which he was a member. He was accused of giving refuge to Navvab safavi, who was in charge of an attempt on Hossein Ala's life, and was arrested for a time. He founded Iran Liberty Movement with some religious activists in 1961. Subsequent to 5th June affair, he issued a strong declaration titled "The Autocrat Sheds Blood". Again he was arrested and condemned to ten years imprisonment. He turned Qasr prison to a university for political prisoners. During these years, he compiled Partovi az Koran (Lights from Koran), and Islam and ownership. Eventually, the Pahlavi regime was forced to release him under pressures from foreign and domestic public opinions. In the sermons of Id e Fitr prayers, he asked to help Palestinians, and held a commemoration for Jamal Abdul Nasser in Hedayat mosque. Again arrests and exiles were followed, the last of which was for ten years. At the outset of Islamic revolution, the Pahlavi regime released him and some other political prisoners to soothe the angry people. He headed the poll in the first post revolution elections for Majlis of experts.

 

He was trusted amply by Imam Khomeini and was appointed by him as a member of Islamic revolution council. He devoted his whole life to the causes of Islam, Iran and revolution. Eventually, he died in 10th September 1979, and was buried in Behesht e Zahra after an exceptional funeral. Among his works are: Partovi az Nhaj ol Balaghe, Azadi va estebdad, Marjaeit va fatva, Darsi az Koran, and We return to God.

Imam Khomeini issued historic message …

Imam Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic, recommended the young generations, university and seminary scholars to pay special attention to precious works left by Martyr Morteza Motahari.


Ayatollah Motahari was considered right hand and one of the most literate scholars trusted by Imam Khomeini. Motahari always considered himself a pupil of the great Imam and undertook serious efforts to spread genuine objectives of the Islamic Revolution and stood by the Islamic movement through all stages.

Motahari also introduced the pure teachings of Islam and stood against any type of superstitious and wrong beliefs.

Ayatollah Motahari wrote assiduously and continuously from his student days right up to 1979, the year of his assassination.

He wrote at least 60 books and treatises before his life was cut short by a terrorist assassin’s bullet at the age of 60 years.

He served in the Tehran University as the Head of the Department of Theology and Islamic Learning's. At the time of his assassination he was the president of the Constitutional Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran and a member of the Revolutionary Council.

Imam Khomeini issued a following historic message on the occasion of his martyrdom.


In the name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful

 

Truly we are from God and we will return to Him

“Hereby I would express my condolences as well as my congratulation to Islam, the Islamic nation, especially to the resisting nation of Iran for this disaster of loosing the honorable Professor Haj Sheikh Morteza Motahhari (May his spirit be sanctified).

Condolence because of the martyrdom of the one who dedicated his precious life to Islamic aims and he campaigned against the deviations, condolence because of the martyrdom of the man who had no counterpart on Islamology and the other branches of Islamic techniques and those of the Holy Quran.

 

I have lost a very dear child of mine and I mourn for him who was among the figures who were my life achievement.

Although I have lost a very dear son of mine who was part of my soul, I am proud of such devoted children in Islam.

Terrorists can not terror the personalities of the Muslim brave men. Islamic plans had been so far mixed with the martyrdom. Killing the enemies of God is among the guidelines of the Islamic planning.

 

Martyr Morteza Motahhari was a great intellectual who through his works, speeches and books, played a pivotal role in spreading the Islamic teachings and awakening the political and social conscience of the Iranian people during those repressive days of the foreign-installed Pahlavi regime. He indeed possessed a dynamic mind and instilled in the youth, women, and all sections of the society a profound awareness of Islam and their duties in life.

Martyr Motahari considered freedom to be vital and necessary for all live creatures in order to facilitate proper growth and perfection. For instance, a sprout needs fertile soil to grow and turn into a tree, and similarly it is freedom that facilitates the progress towards perfection, since man has been endowed by God with intellect, willpower, and speech.

He divided human freedom into two social freedom and spiritual freedom. Regarding social freedom, he has said: Social freedom means that human being should not be exploited by others. Others should not create obstacles in his path of growth or exploit his intellectual and physical capacities to their own benefit. One of the goals of the Prophets of God was to make people aware of social freedom, in order to rid minds of slavish attitudes.

According to Martyr Motahhari, Prophets were sent by God to teach man to achieve spiritual freedom by preserving human dignity, intellect and conscience, through abstention from carnal desires and selfish attitudes. And to achieve this, a person should control his/her anger and strengthen the willpower to reject the temptations of unlawful earnings. Then only a person could be considered free in the real sense of this word.

Ayatollah Motahhari made it clear that for achieving spiritual freedom, self-purification is necessary, as taught by all Prophets, especially the Last and Greatest of God’s Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). He wrote: The main program of Prophets is spiritual freedom, while the main loss of our era is that we always speak of social freedom but we do not speak of spiritual freedom of human being. In our era, the manmade schools of thought speak no word regarding spiritual honesty, whereas social freedom is impossible to achieve without spiritual freedom.

Imam Khomeini trained several scholars like Motahhari who contributed to intellectual growth of the Iranian nation and entire Muslim world.

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*This article has been cited  from web page of : http://www.imam-khomeini.ir

Ayatollah Motahhari


Morteza Motahari was born in Fariman village, 31st January, 1919. His father, Sheikh Mohammad Motahari who had completed his studies in Najaf was one of the leading clergies of Fariman.

Motahari received his elementary education from his father and then left for Qom to continue his education. He spent 15 years in Qom and enjoyed the teachings of the foremost scholars. During these years, he was attracted by Imam Khomeini’s personality and scientific authority, and enjoyed his company for twelve years.

He left Qom for Tehran in 1952, and was gave lessons in the religious schools of Marvi and Sepahsalar.

During these years, he met many times with Ayatollah Kashani and made acquaintance with Fadaian Eslam group and Seyyed Mojtaba Navvab Safavi.

During 1960-1962, he founded a monthly circle with the cooperation of Mohammad EbrahimAyat, in which hundreds of people would take participation. The circle was called “the Religious Monthly Society” which lasted for two years and a half and about 30 speeches were delivered by scholars from universities and religious schools in it. Later on the speeches were published in three volumes entitled “Goftare Mah” (the speech of the month). The publication of Dastane Rastan (the story of the righteous), which was series of religious stories for children and young adults.

Upon the death of late Borujerdi in the Qom Seminary, the sparks of political activities were formed among the religious authorities. From the beginning, he was among the companions of Imam Khomeini. He was arrested after the uprising of 4th June 1963 along with seventy scholars of Tehran and other cities and was arrested and imprisoned for forty days.

 

Following the arrest and exile of Imam Khomeini in November (1964), the activities of Ayatollah Motahhari entered a new phase of struggle, and he tried to clarify and deepen the foundation of the Islamic ideology of the Islamic movement of Imam Khomeini. Hence, its advertising activities in traditional academic circles and he tried to make a link and deep relationship between religious intellectuals and university.

In this regard, he founded Hosseinieh e ershad with the cooperation of some religious activists to acquaint the young generation with the principles of religion.  He was the manager of Hosseinieh for one year, but he succeeded to absorb a good number of university students to this center during this period.His book, Muhammad, the Seal of Prophets (two volumes) was the product of this work.

In 1968, he resigned from his office because of the sensitivity of the government and ideological difference with some religious intellectuals such as Dr. Ali Shariati. In 1970, he delivered his historical speech against Zionism and subsequently, he was arrested and imprisoned for a while.

Following the closure of Hosseinieh Ershad, Motahari transferred his site to Aljavad, Javid and Arg mosques. However he was forbidden to give speeches in pulpits from 1975.

In 1976, following a fabricated story, Motahari was deprived from teaching in university and he was retired to home. But his efforts did not stop and, despite its many problems je went to Najaf to visit Imam Khomeini and talk about Qom Seminary and the country's political and ideological issues. Upon his return, he founded “the society of Tehran combatant clergies”. He became the leading representative of Imam Khomeini’s thoughts in Iran. Upon the death of Imam Khomeini’s eldest son, he managed to hold a memorial service for him in the Arg mosque of Tehran. After the migration of Imam Khomeini to Paris, he hurried to visit Imam. Upon his return, his house became the guiding center in the country and its coordination with the imam in Europe. He was charged with the responsibility of forming the “the revolutionary council” by Imam Khomeini. When Bakhtiar was prevented Imam Khomeini entrance to Iran in February 1978, the clerics staged a sit in in the mosque of Tehran Universityto protest against this action. And Ayatollah Motahhari was on the forefront of the clergy. Also he was a member of the Committee to welcome the Imam.  He had prepared the welcome message text that was read at the Tehran airport and in front of Imam. Following the success of the revolution, Motahari was a sympathetic and trustworthy counselor for the Imam. He was also helpful in the formation of revolutionary organs, including “Revolutionary Guards of the Islamic Revolution" .He was hated by the anti-revolutionaries as much as he was favored by the revolutionaries, as all people were aware of his position in the formation of the Islamic revolution.

Therefore, he was assassinated and martyred by Forghan group on 2 May 1979.

Niloofar Kasra

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*This article has been cited  from web page of :http://iichs.org

A Brief Account of Martyr Allameh Motahhari


Martyred professor, Allameh Morteza Motahhari, was born on February 2, 1919 in the town of Fariman, 75 kilometers from the holy city of Mashhad. At the age of twelve, he set off for Mashhad seminary to embark on learning the basics of Islamic sciences. In 1937, despite Reza Khan’s intense confrontation with clergymen and also opposition by some of his friends and relatives, he left for Qom seminary to complete his studies.

During 15 years of his stay in Qom, he benefited from the presence of Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi (in jurisprudence and the principles of jurisprudence), Imam Khomeini (12 years in the philosophy of Molla Sadra, gnosis, ethics and principles of jurisprudence) and Allameh Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaiee (in philosophy). He had also benefited from the presence of the late Ayatollah Haj Mirza Ali Aqa Shirazi in ethics and gnosis. Among other teachers of professor Motahhari mention can be made of the late Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hojjat (in principles of jurisprudence) and the late Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Mohaqqeqdamad (in jurisprudence). While he was in Qom, in addition to education, he participated in socio-political affairs as well and he was in contact with Fadaiyan-e-Eslam group.

In 1952, he migrated to Tehran though he was one of the renowned teachers and among the future hopes of the seminary. In Tehran, he taught at Marvi School and delivered well-researched speeches. In 1955, the first session of the exegesis of the holy Qur’an in the Students' Islamic Association was held by professor Motahhari. In the same year, he began teaching at the faculty of divinity and Islamic teachings of Tehran University. In 1958-59 concurrent with the establishment of the Physicians' Islamic Association, professor Motahhari was one of the main speakers of the Association and during 1961-1971 he was the only speaker of the Association leaving behind a number of important deliberations.

In 1962, with the start of Imam Khomeini’s uprising, professor Motahhari accompanied him to the extent that one can consider the organizing of the June 5th uprising in Tehran and its coordination with Imam Khomeini’s leadership as being indebted to him and his companions. Having given an enlightening speech against the Shah on Wednesday, 5th of June 1963, Ayatollah Motahhari was detained by the  police at 1 a.m. and sent to the interim police headquarters and was imprisoned with a number of Tehrani clergymen. 43 days later, following the migration of Ulema from other provinces to Tehran and public pressure, he was freed together with other clergymen.

After the formation of groups called “Mo’talefe Eslami”, which was among the combatant groups of the time, Imam Khomeini called on martyr Motahhari to lead these groups along with a number of clergymen.

Following Imam Khomeini's exile, professor Motahhari and his companions shouldered a heavier responsibility. At that time, he wrote books covering social requirements and delivering speeches at universities, the Physicians' Islamic Association and mosques. Professor Motahhari made a lot of ideological efforts to Islamicize the content of the movement and strongly fought against diversions and falsehoods. In 1967, he established Hosseinieh Ershad with the help of some friends.

In 1969, after releasing an announcement signed by him, Allameh Tabatabai and Ayatollah Haj Seyyed Abolfazl Mojtahed Zanjani calling for collection of aid for the displaced Palestinians and because of publicizing it during a speech in Hosseinieh Ershad, he was detained and held in solitary confinement for a short while. From 1970-72 he supervised publicity works by Al-jawad mosque where he was the main speaker until the mosque and the Hosseinieh were closed and professor Motahhari was detained for a while. Later, Ayatollah Motahhari gave speeches at Javid, Ark and a number of other mosques. After a while Javid mosque was also closed. Around the year 1974 he was forbidden to speak which lasted till the triumph of the Islamic revolution.

Presenting genuine Islamic ideology through teaching, speech and writing books were among the valuable activities of professor Motahhari reaching its climax particularly during the years 1972-78; since in those years the leftists had increased their propaganda and groups of leftist Muslims and also those with a hotchpotch of ideas had emerged. After Imam Khomeini, professor Motahhari was the first figure who found out the ideological deviation of the heads of the so-called “Mojahedin-e-Khalq” organization and prevented others from cooperating with them and even foresaw their change of ideology. In those years, upon Imam Khomeini’s recommendation, professor Motahhari traveled to Qom twice a week to teach at its seminary where he taught important courses and at the same time he taught some courses at home in Tehran. In 1976, following an ideological dispute with a communist teacher of the faculty of divinity, he became retired prematurely. Furthermore; in those years Ayatollah Motahhari, in collaboration with some clergymen, established “Jameye Rohaniat-e-Mobarez”  of Tehran hoping that such an institution would be gradually established in other cities as well.

Although professor Motahhari’s contact with Imam Khomeini continued after the Imam’s exile in France via letters and other means, in the year 1976 he managed to travel to the holy city of Najaf and consulted with Imam Khomeini on the important issues of the revolution and also seminaries. After the martyrdom of Ayatollah Seyyed Mostafa  Khomeini and the start of the new phase of the Islamic revolution, professor Motahhari fully devoted himself to the revolution and hence played a fundamental role in all of its phases.

 At the time of Imam Khomeini’s stay in Paris, Ayatollah Motahhari traveled to France where he spoke with the Imam on the important issues of the revolution and it was then that Imam Khomeini urged him to shape the Islamic Revolution Council. Upon Imam Khomeini’s return to Iran, he personally took the responsibility of the welcoming committee and till the victory of the revolution and after that he always acted as a supporter of the leader of the Islamic revolution and served as a kind and trusted advisor for him. But at 22:20 p.m. of Tuesday, 1st of May 1979 he was martyred by a grouplet called “Forqan” after leaving an ideological and political gathering. This caused profound sorrow and grief for Imam Khomeini and the Islamic Ummah who had a lot of hopes for this great man’s future.

There remain tens of works by Ayatollah Motahhari. These works deal with a variety of religious issues and offer responses to many of the important questions of religious society so much so that we can name his works as a reliable source concerning the Islamic ideology system.

 

Some of Imam Khomeini’s Words on Martyr Allameh Morteza Motahhari

 

[Motahhari] was rare in Islamology and different Islamic and Qur’anic sciences. I have lost a very dear child. I am mourning for him who was one of the figures who was considered the fruit of my life. Martyrdom of this righteous child and immortal clergyman created a vacuum in the dear Islam that cannot be filled by any means. 

Motahhari, who was rare in purifying spirit, the strength of belief and the power of speech, flew to the ethereal world, but the ill-wishers should know that his Islamic, scientific and philosophical personality won’t perish with his departure.  

Motahhari was a dear child for me and a firm stronghold for the religious and scientific seminaries and a useful servant for people and country. 

I recommend the students and the committed intellectuals not to let this dear professor’s books be forgotten by non-Islamic schemes.

In his short life, [Motahhari] left behind immortal works which stemmed from a wakeful conscience and a spirit filled with the love for religion. He embarked on educating and training the society with an eloquent style and an able thought in analyzing Islamic subjects and explaining philosophical facts with a popular diction and without uncertainty. His oral and written works are unexceptionally instructive and inspiring; and his advice and admonitions, which sprang from a heart filled with faith and belief, are useful both for the Ulema and the laymen.

Late Motahhari was an individual who had different aspects of personality; and few people have done the service to the young generation and others as Motahhari has done. All his works are unexceptionally good and I don’t know anybody else whose works I could call unexceptionally good. His works are unexceptionally good and constructive for humans.

 

Professor Motahhari from the Viewpoint of Ayatollah Khamenei

 

Interview with the Supreme Leader on Martyr Motahhari

‘I consider myself Mr. Motahhari’s pupil’

As you know late professor Motahhari was a philosopher; the science sought by him was mostly the philosophical science. Later on; however, he got to the subjects of theology, i.e. he dealt with Islamic issues with new argumentation method of modern philosophy. But he spent most of his time on philosophical matters. He was considered the philosophical student of Imam Khomeini and Allameh Tabatabaiee. Thus what he maintains in theology is Hekmat Mota’aliah, i.e. the Philosophy of Molla Sadra. 

His behaviour was like that of the mystics who would set out to find a perfect instructor. Basically his spiritual and moral condition was in such a way. He would search to know for example if a perfect elderly instructor is somewhere in the world, and he would go to him to stay by him. Indeed, spiritually, such a situation was fitting him. Yet he had found such a perfect instructor in Iran. He was absorbed in Imam Khomeini and Allameh Tabatabaiee. He was captivated by their love and regarded their scientific and mystic status very high.

Morally, late Motahhari was a prominent man; and a pure-hearted, enlightened, just, self-possessed and mature person. In his personal bonds with God he was a mystic, a man of God’s remembrance, journey towards God and worship. He used to say: “I have learnt paying attention to and worship of God from my father.”

Professor Motahhari had a lot of historical information especially about the recent history, and particularly on the issues related to the Ulema, seminaries, scientific, spiritual, philosophical and mystic figures. These pieces of information were not registered in any book and are heard from the professors and great figures and kept in mind. Since he knew all professors and Ulema of Najaf, Samarra and Isfahan, he was well-informed about their events and he would talk of them in the gatherings and visits held on different occasions. 

 

Supereme Leader’s Words on Professor Motahhari’s Personality and Works

 

“As time passes from his martyrdom, his spiritual and ideological works and bounties manifest more fresh dimensions. The ideological and scientific works of that grand clergyman become clearer in the scene of the country press and religious knowledge; and one understands that an intellectual clergyman with responsibilities could have so fruitful life.”

Martyr Motahhari with his strong and decent thought stepped in the fields of Islamic subjects that hitherto nobody had stepped; and considering the ideas that had prevailed or were going to prevail in the country---through translation and import from the west and east, he entered a profound, vast and interminable scientific challenge. He both embarked on a very clever struggle to confront with the Marxists and entered the scene to confront with the western and Liberalist thoughts. This role is very important; it needs both courage and self-confidence, it requires both thinking strength and Ijtihad (being well- qualified in jurisprudence and different theological fields), it both needs certainty and resolute belief. This great man had all these together; he was both a learned man and very faithful, he was firm in his belief and had self-confidence, too; these are all necessary.”

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*This article has been cited  from web page of :http://english.irib.ir

Ayatollah Morteza Motahari

Prior to the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Morteza Motahari was political prisoner in Joint Committee of Savak.


Ayatollah Morteza Motahari was born in 1299 A.H. in Fariman, Khorasan Province.

He was interested in learning during his childhood and had a great talent. When he was 12 years old, he learnt the preliminary of Islamic Sciences, logic, philosophy and Islamic jurisprudence in Mashhad. A few years later Martyr Motahari went to Qom and became familiar with Late Imam Khomeini(Rh). After coming to Tehran in 1959, professor Motahari began his scientific and political combats with last Satan Regime, so he was arrested for his lecture against Shah in 1963. After that his name remained in the minds as one of the opposed of regime.

The awareness of young generation was an important aim of Martyr Motahari and he has written so many books about it including “Dastan-e Rastan” which was introduced as the best book on 1965 by the International Organization of UNESCO.

This great professor also had a special role in the triumph of the Islamic Revolution, which was led by Late Imam Khomeini(Rh).

Finally the enemies of Islam martyred him in 1979. Therefore, the day of his martyrdom was called as “Teacher Day”.

“Honored his memory and name”.

There are many valuable books, which is written by this great professor, Martyr Morteza Motahari, including:

1-Divine Justice

2-Repulsion and Attraction of Imam Ali (Pbuh)

3-A commentary on Nahj-ul Balaqah

4-Dastan-e Rastan

5-Mutual Services of Iran & Islam (in two volumes)

6-Islamic Movements in Recent Century

7-Imam Mahdi’s (Pbuh) Revolution from view point of History Philosophy

8-Principles of Philosophy & Realism

9-Ten Words

10-Twenty Words

11-Philosophical Essays

12-World-View

13-Revelation & Prophecy

14-Man & Faith

15-Man & Destiny

16- Woman’s Rights in Islam

17-The problem of Veil

18-Illiterate Prophet

19-End of Prophecy

20-Invisible relief in man’s life

21-Sun of Religion never set

22-Reasons of Materialism

نسخه قابل چاپ
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