born July 15, 1939 inMashhad, Iran. He completed his primary education there and started high school level with seminary training simultaneously. In 1958 AyatollahKhamenei began his advanced religious studies at Qom under the most prominent Shīite scholars of the day, including Grand Ayatollah Burujerdi, Imam Khomeini, sheikh Morteza Haeri Yazdi and Allameh Tabatabai. In 1964 due to his father’s ill health and need for more care he had to leave Qom and return to Mashhad where he continued his advanced religious studies there.
On June 12th, 1963AyatollahKhamenei was arrested and put in jail for his key role in disclosing corrupt practices of the Pahlavi’s cruel regime. After his release, he continued his political and religious activities following a hard-hitting expose against the sham referendum conducted by Shah and the American policy of the Pahlavi’s regime. He was arrested again in Kerman in February 1964 and after relocation to Tehran, they put AyatollahKhamenei in Ghezel Ghaleh prison in solitary confinement under utmost tortures. Following his release for the second time, he offered some courses and held some classes including, exegesis of the holy Koran, Hadith , Islamic thoughts, etc in the cities of Tehran and Mashhad. The sprightly and revolutionary young people welcomed such classes with open arms. For this reason, SAVAK started to keep an eye on him, therefore AyatollahKhamenei decided to live a secret life, so in 1964he was arrested and thrown into prison.
He was determined that these tortures could not break him, so he carried on struggle against the Shah’s regime until 1970when he was seized by SAVAK operatives for the fourth time. Fighting against injustice and tyranny until the annihilation of Pahlavi’s regime was the ultimate goal of AyatollahKhamenei, so he continued to fight against the regime with strong determination, therefore in 1971 SAVAK was taken him into custody for the fifth time.
Between the years 1971 – 1974after he got out of the ward of SAVAK’s prison, AyatollahKhamenei started to teach exegesis of the Holy Koran accompanied with Islamic Ideology training in three different mosques in Mashhad city. The training attracted thousands of young and enthusiastic people to learn about true Islamic thoughts. His lessons on Nahj al-Balaghah (the peak of Eloquence) appeared so extraordinarily interesting and the booklets under the title of “The Light of Nahj al-Balaghah”published and distributed among the people. The continuous and ceaseless activities end up the local SAVAK operatives in Mashhad city who launched a raid on his house in January 1974 and arrested him for the sixth timeagain. This time the local SAVAK operatives relocated AyatollahKhamenei to SAVAK and Police’s Anti-Sabotage Joint Committee in Tehran and he was kept in solitary confinement. In autumn 1974he endured the most brutal and savage torture for eight months in there. About the difficulties and hardships during these eight monthsAyatollahKhamenei stated: “Unless you are faced with such brutal and vicious circumstances, you will not have any true and deep understanding of those hardships and difficulties.”
Subsequent to his release, he returned to Mashhad again and pursued his revolutionary and intellectual course of action. At the end of the year 1977he was arrested by SAVAK operatives for the seventh time and he was exiled to Iranshahr city. He then went back to Mashhad in the wake of the growing tide of revolution among the individuals of the Muslim Iranian people in the middle of 1978.
AyatollahKhamenei elected a member of the Council of Revolution by order of Imam Khomeini shortly before the victory of Islamic Revolution.
Following the success of the Islamic Revolution in Iran he undertook great and challenging tasks such as, the establishment of Islamic republic party with the help of his close friendsnamely Ayatollah Martyr Bihishti, Martyr Bahunar, Ayatollah Hashimi Rafsanjani, etc. Close supervision of the Islamic Revolutionary guard Corpsin 1979,Friday prayer in Tehran, representation from Imam Khomeini in the Supreme defense Council in 1980, membership of Islamic Consultative Assembly in 1979, elected for two times as a presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Immediately after the departure of Imam Khomeini,AyatollahKhamenei elected as supreme, spiritual leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran thus demonstrating a high level of competence for the administration of Islamic ruling system.