The Islamic Revolution is the result of years of struggles within the Iranian society that had previously manifested through the country's political, social, economical and cultural aspects.
Before the victory of the Islamic Revolution, other political activists as the Nationalists, the Communists with Marxist views and some eclectic trends based on a combination of Islamic and Marxist beliefs were also involved in this attempt to save the society.What eventually led to the victory of the Islamic Revolution was the belief that religion should be incorporated into the political and social affairs of a country. This belief was introduced to the Iranian people in 1340 by Imam Khomeini and was what created new capacities that led to the development and reinforcement of people's fight against the tyranny of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Throughout his fight, Imam had put all his efforts to be a helping hand to people's problems by introducing to them the values of religion.
The social distances were then getting wider as a result of Capitalism. The country' s situation between the two powerful blocs of East and West had forced the Pahlavi regime to be under the influence of foreign agents. The open political atmosphere which was a result of international developments and the election of the Democratic Party in America, gave the people inside Iran a voice to demand their civil rights from a regime that because of its dependency and its despotic nature couldn't provide what they were asking for .
Shah was dependent on oil revenues and even by suppressing people's movements and by making empty social and political gestures was struggling to maintain the regime.
Shah's clamp down on people's movements made the country's situation critical and the maintenance of the regime impossible.
People's protests against the regime got to their peak in 1977 and separated the people from the regime. The killings of many iconic figures such as Martyr Ali Shariati and Seyed Mostafa Khomeini reinforced the protests. Qom's uprising of January 9 which was in reaction to Rashidi Motlagh's article which was considered a blashphemy to people's religious values was the foundation of many other uprisings to come.